Marea și dureroasa problemă a „Milenialilor”

MILENIALI, „copiii mileniului” sau Generația Y (GenY), copiii născuți (definiția acceptată azi) între anii 1980-1990. Sunt urmați de GenZ (~1995-2012) și precedați de GenX (~1966-1976), care, la rândul său, este precedată de explozia de natalitate de după război (1946-1965) – baby boomers. GenY mai este numită și “echo boomers”, pentru că, în mare parte, baby boomers le-au fost părinți…

Dolors Massot (DM – profesor și ziarist), publica la începutul lui octombrie un articol în revista Aleteia (care înseamnă adevăr, sau dezvăluire) în care analizea-ză câteva dintre problemele mileniali-lor. Se referă în particular la cei din SUA, dar chiar dacă se poate vorbi de carac-teristici de zonă, de persoană, de grup la care aparțin, de experiențele și con-dițiile economice și sociale, există elemente comune care îi definesc (îi personalizează), oriunde s-ar afla. În primul rând, toți au atins maturitatea în epoca informațională, epoca interne-tului, și sunt utilizatori performanți ai tehnologiilor digitale și rețelelor sociale.

Denumirea de mileniali a fost lansată în 2012, considerată ca mai potrivită decât GenY cu care William Strauss&Neil Howe îi desemna în 1987 pe copiii care în 1982 mergeau la grădiniță și terminau școala în 2000, „traversând” frontiera mileniului 3.

Psihologul Jean Twenge îi descria ca „Generația eu” în cartea sa (2006) Generation Me: Why Today’s Young Americans Are More Confident, Assertive, Entitled – and More Miserable Than Ever Before, pe care o actualizează în 2014. Cu un an înainte, articolul principal din revista Time se intitula Millennials: The Me Me Me Generation iar altă revistă celebră, Newsweek, folosea termenul Generation 9/11 referindu-se la tinerii care atingeau vârsta de 10-20 de ani în timpul atacurilor teroriste din 11 septembrie 2011. Au mai fost numiți „Generația Internet” și „Generația Burnout” (generația epuizată – How Millenials Became the Burnout Gene-ration, articol regăsit la începutul acestui an) și au atitudini și preferințe comune privind căsătoria, nașterea de copii și creșterea lor, viața, ambițiile și cariera lor, voluntariatul și activismul – adică practic toate lucrurile care ne definesc și ne structurează viața pe lumea aceasta … Și mai există și un alt nume, dat de sociologul Kathleen Shaputis: Generația Boomerang sau Generația Peter Pan. Probabil pentru faptul că au tendința de a … întârzia trecerea la vârsta adultă mai mult decât o făceau generațiile care îi precedaseră.

Dar principalul lucru despre care aș vrea să vă vorbesc și care este menționat în revista Aleteia, este un recent studiu al You Gov pe un grup reprezentativ de tineri din SUA (1254 de persoane cu vârste între 23-38 de ani). Datele vorbesc de la sine:
• 22% nu au nici un prieten;
• 33% nu au un „prieten cel mai bun”;
• 25% nu au cu cine să facă planuri.

Ce se poate deci spune? Tehnologia îi conectează, Stau acasă și stabilesc legături video, distracția vine pe monitorul computerului, folosesc di-ferite nume pentru a rămâne anonimi și pot astfel critica dur orice și pe oricine – nimic nu-i este imposibil. Doar prieteni nu-și poate face.

Cei mai tineri mileniali au trecut de vârsta majoratului – cei mai în vârstă se află la granița de 40 de ani. Dar ce scoate în evidență procentul de 22% este că 2 din 10 mileniali suferă de singurătate. Dispun de toate instru-mentele necesare dar nu le folosesc pentru un asemenea obiectiv. Și atunci, se întreabă DM, la ce să ne gândim? De ce, după cât se vede, rețelele sociale și Internetul nu sunt folosite pentru a se deschide la dialogul interpersonal, om la om, la munca împreună cu alte persoane, care să le devină prieteni? S-ar putea vorbi de o abordare educativă eronată, care îi face să considere că rețelele sociale le dau totul?
„Milenialii acuză singurătatea situației lor actuale”, spune DM. Ei realizează că dispun de relații superficiale și de hipercomunicare dar eșuează în ceea ce privește dezvoltarea personală. „Și fără îndoială recunosc valoarea prieteniei” Și atunci? Cei mai mulți dau vina pe timiditate. Dar de ce 27% declară că nu simt nevoia unui prieten iar 26% nu sunt intereseați în activități comune? Sondajul You Gov ne poate pune pe gânduri: 42% dintre millenniali și-au făcut un singur prieten în ultimele 6 luni, și aceasta la serviciu, nu pe Internet, nici pe rețelele sociale. Ceea ce ar trebui să le atragă atenția că legăturile cu ceilalți se fac prin „prezență fizică și interrelaționare reală, nu virtuală”…

***
În titlul unui articol din Adevărul de Cluj din martie, anul acesta, se spune că milenialii sunt „mai inteligenţi, mai bine echipaţi şi vor salarii mari. Firmelor le va fi greu să-i ţină acasă“ iar conform celor spuse de Prorectorul Universității Babeș-Bolyai, Prof. Daniel David, un foarte cunoscut psiholog, care analizează cum vor schimba ei cultura organizaţională … „Companiile româneşti vor avea proble-me în găsirea resursei umane din 2025, an în care piaţa muncii va fi dominată de generaţia milenialilor”. Eu însă, scriind articolul, mi-am amintit de cuvintele cu care se încheie senzaționalul Prolog al operei „Paiațe”: … Iar voi, mai curând decât sărmanele noastre mantale de histrioni, de sufletele noastre țineți seama, pentru că oameni suntem, din carne și oase. Și că la fel ca și voi respirăm aerul acestei lumi orfane!” Iar în final, Canio, infama paiață, care cântă Prologul și are două crime pe conștiință, al căror autor moral este, spune simplu: „Conceptul vi l-am spus. Acum ascultați cum este acesta dezvoltat”. Și trec acum direct la finalul articolului din Aleteia, rugându-vă să vă gândiți mereu cât de mult contează sănătatea și fără nici un alt comentariu: „Milenialii au crescut cu Facebook și Instagram, majoritatea au absolvit universități, sunt cetățeni conștienți … dar se pare că le este mai ușor să lupte pentru o cauză comună folosind platforme online decât strân-gând legătura cu persoane din carne și oase. Nimănui nu-i scapă faptul că această singurătate prezintă probleme importante de sănătate fizică, depresia de ex., cu repercusiuni asupra formării unei familii”…

Prof. Dr. Andrei Dorobanțu, fizician

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