Minuni în vremea noastră (!?!) …

Marnie Hughes-Warrington (MHW), profesor de istorie la Australian National University, Canberra, a publicat de curând (2018), History as Wonder: Beginning with Historiography. Titlul îmi aduce aminte de o celebră carte a (foarte) marelui fizician Victor Weisskopf: „Knowledge and Wonder” – o să traduc titlul folosind pentru Wonder nu „uimire”, ci un echivalent: „Cunoaștere și Minunare”. Am ales câteva fragmente din amplul articol al Prof. MHW, „Wonder works” (Minunea lucrează) din revista online Aeon (30 octombrie), pe care vi le ofer în continuare. Nu le mai pun în ghilimele – cele câteva intervenții ale mele le scriu cu italice. Și încă ceva: nu veți găsi aici exemple de minuni, mai mult sau mai puțin spectaculoase. Ceea ce mi s-a părut cu totul special la acest articol este discuția -cu care nu prea suntem obișnuiți- privind modul în care se referă cercetătorii la ceea ce numim noi „minuni” și „le caută un loc” în discursul academic. Deci, spune MHW…

Ideea de istorie este stranie și tulburătoare… Când vorbesc despre minune și stranietate, nu mă refer doar la povești cu dragoni, vârcolaci, ectoplasmă, strigoi și îngeri în povești cu care nu știm ce să facem. Și nici nu mă gândesc la miile de povești scrise de persoane care n-au putut sau nici măcar n-au trecut pe lângă vreo universitate… Ceea ce trecem cu vederea este că și cea mai savantă istorie s-a născut stranie, a trăit într-o companie stranie și apoi a uitat că a fost stranie…
***
Filosofia, spune Aristotel în Metafizica sa, începe cu minunarea. Istoria face la fel. Începe cu nedumeriri banale dar și cu realizarea de către noi a stranietății cotidianului… Istoria face efortul de a da sens lucrurilor trecând de la prezent la trecut și de la lumea fizică la lumea spirituală. Ne poartă de la specific la universal și vice versa; de la obișnuit la noutate; de la înțelegerea lucrurilor la a ne înțelege pe noi; de la o disciplină la alta; de la excludere la includere și deci de la non-etic la etic. Dacă vreți să știți unde se află traversele și limitele modelului istoriei, urmăriți minunile.
***
Într-un sens, cred că ne dorim să scăpăm de minuni pentru că ele sunt inconfortabile. Ți se strecoară sub piele, ridiculizând efortul de a găsi sensuri. Când ne uităm la modul în care oamenii s-au gândit la minuni de-a lungul timpului, ni se dezvăluie niște istorii ordonate, raționale, care ne disciplinează. Apar voci noi și nu știm ce să facem cu ele. Și ne trezim față-n față cu cei care își însușesc aparența istoriei și filosofiei pentru a ne provoca și a ne face confuzi în ceea ce privește ce este sigur, bun, drept și corect. Și fac aceasta spre bine sau spre rău. Și ne confruntăm cu gânduri negre că eforturile de a ne ordona atât cunoașterea cât și lumea, ne pot împiedica să ne confruntăm cu problemele noastre etice cele mai tulburătoare.
***
Recunoașterea minunii este încărcată cu dificultăți și te poate lăsa cu enigmele îndoielii. Chiar și primii istorici au știut lucrul acesta. Istoricul elenist Polybos a crezut că le-a lămurit pe toate atunci când a argumentat că istoricii trebuie să dea sens lucrurilor prin văz și prin celelalte simțuri, și să facă acest lucru de o manieră cât se poate de directă… Minunile, pretindea el, ar trebui folosite de istoric doar pentru a vorbi despre lucruri pe care nici măcar zeii nu le pot înțelege…

Despre straniu nu ar trebui să vorbim, spune Confucius în Analecte. Și totuși el știa că refuzul de a vorbi despre straniu ne poate lăsa legați de o lume obișnuită cu obsesii fără semnificație… Lucrurile și ideile sunt făcute să circule, niciodată să nu se odihnească.
***
… Minunea înseamnă de asemenea să ne deschidem mintea către ceilalți. Francis Bacon, René Descartes, Thomas Hobbes, toți au muncit să descrie și chiar să clasifice minunile, pentru a inversa excluderea minții pe care o văzuseră intrând în joc la simpla acceptare a filosofiei celor vechi. Filosofia și istoria au avut nevoie să se miște pentru a-și accepta propria lor neliniște…
***
Este de asemenea posibil, deși într-un fel sinuos, să citești Kant și Hegel fără metafizică și să tratezi minunea ca un subiect de epistemologie (teoria cunoașterii) … Aceasta, cred eu, este ca și cum ai arăta unui public proiectorul de cinema cu care tocmai le-ai arătat (un film cu) un tren care se năpustea spre ei…
***
…Ne rămâne deci să alegem între confortul negării minunilor de orice fel și acceptarea lor, măcar în adâncul sufletelor și minților noastre. Einstein a spus odată: „Există doar două feluri în care îți poți trăi viața. Unul este ca și cum n-ar exista minuni. Celălalt este ca și cum totul ar fi o minune”. Când, în curând, se va așeza zăpada peste aproape tot ce este urât și rău pe lume, gândiți-vă la vorbele lui Einstein. Căutați în amintirile Dv. întâmplări de toate felurile pe care ați fi tentați să le considerați ca minunate sau chiar… adevărate „minuni”. Și la alte lucruri de acest fel care, în fond, contează, cred eu destul de mult pentru a le rezerva câteva clipe din gândurile noastre… Sărbători Fericite! La Mulți Ani!

Prof. Dr. Andrei Dorobanțu, fizician

121 comments
  1. Saya telah telah berselancar online lebih dari 2 jam hari ini, namun saya tidak pernah
    menemukan artikel menarik seperti milik Anda. It is cukup berharga bagi saya.
    Menurut pendapat saya , jika semua webmaster dan blogger membuat konten yang baik seperti yang Anda lakukan, web akan menjadi lebih berguna dari sebelumnya.

    Feel free to surf to my webpage Joker3999met

  2. Howdy, I do think your web site may be having
    browser compatibility issues. Whenever I look
    at your website in Safari, it looks fine however
    when opening in Internet Explorer, it has some overlapping
    issues. I just wanted to give you a quick heads up! Other than that,
    wonderful blog!

    Here is my web blog :: pussy888 download link

  3. Wow, fantastic blog layout! How long have you been running a
    blog for? you made blogging look easy. The full look of your website is great, let alone the content![X-N-E-W-L-I-N-S-P-I-N-X]I just
    could not go away your site before suggesting that
    I extremely enjoyed the usual information an individual provide in your visitors?
    Is going to be back regularly to investigate cross-check new posts.

    My site – frun-test.sakura.ne.jp

  4. I do not even know how I ended up here, but I thought this post was good.
    I do not know who you are but definitely you’re going to a famous blogger if you are not already 😉 Cheers!

    Feel free to visit my blog post – freeholmes.com

  5. What you published was actually very logical. However, think on this, what if you
    added a little content? I am not suggesting your information is not
    good, however what if you added a title that makes people desire more?
    I mean Minuni în vremea noastră (!?!) … – sanatateaconteaza is kinda boring.
    You might glance at Yahoo’s front page and see how they create news headlines to grab viewers to open the links.
    You might add a video or a pic or two to get readers interested about what you’ve written. In my opinion,
    it could make your blog a little livelier.

  6. I’m not that much of a internet reader to be honest but your sites really nice,
    keep it up! I’ll go ahead and bookmark your website to
    come back later on. Cheers

  7. Greetings from Idaho! I’m bored to death at work so I decided to browse your website on my iphone during lunch break.
    I really like the knowledge you present here and can’t wait
    to take a look when I get home. I’m surprised at how fast your blog loaded on my cell phone
    .. I’m not even using WIFI, just 3G .. Anyhow,
    amazing site!

  8. Hi! Would you mind if I share your blog with my myspace group?

    There’s a lot of folks that I think would really
    enjoy your content. Please let me know. Many thanks

  9. Thank you for all your efforts on this web site.
    My mom take interest in carrying out internet research and it is easy to understand
    why. All of us learn all about the compelling means you offer
    invaluable solutions by means of your website and in addition strongly encourage response from some others about this
    subject then our own daughter is actually becoming educated a lot of things.
    Take advantage of the remaining portion of the year.
    You’re conducting a brilliant job.[X-N-E-W-L-I-N-S-P-I-N-X]I am really inspired together with your writing abilities as neatly as with the
    format in your blog. Is this a paid subject or did you
    customize it yourself? Either way keep up the excellent quality
    writing, it is rare to see a great blog like this one today.

    Feel free to visit my blog post :: http://www.craksracing.com/modules.php?name=Your_Account&op=userinfo&username=EisenhowerRaphael

  10. Gambling can be of several forms, with every type requiring
    its legal structure. In Nevada, for example, there is what’s called a”lawsuit” A suit is an agreement or a contract between a person placing a wager and the individual or
    group placing the cash at stake. In some countries, a”betting account” is created in which cash deposited into the account is retained by means of a bookmaker and isn’t available
    to gamers; others allow online gambling but don’t permit offline gaming.
    In the end, there are”rollover” transactions where the money in a
    player’s account is removed before it’s used. In this manner, the expression gaming covers
    a vast selection of transactions and can refer
    to every one of them, as each has its own set of conditions under which it
    may take place.

  11. Asking questions are really fastidious thing if you are not understanding something entirely, however this post presents
    pleasant understanding even.

  12. Excellent web site you have got here.. It’s difficult to find excellent writing like yours nowadays.
    I honestly appreciate people like you! Take care!!

    Also visit my webpage :: kebe.top

  13. I truly love your website.. Very nice colors & theme. Did you create this web site yourself? Please reply back as Iím planning to create my very own website and would love to learn where you got this from or what the theme is named. Appreciate it!

  14. I needed to post you a little note in order to say thank you the moment again for those spectacular ideas you have shown in this case.
    It has been really strangely open-handed with people like you to supply extensively what most of us could have marketed for an ebook to make some bucks for their own end, most importantly since you might well have tried it in case you decided.
    Those things also served as a fantastic way to understand that most people have a similar
    dream similar to my own to know whole lot more related to this issue.
    Certainly there are millions of more fun opportunities up
    front for individuals that view your site.

    Feel free to visit my webpage … https://www.qiurom.com/forum.php?mod=viewthread&tid=508899

  15. scoliosis
    Good day! I just wish to offer you a huge thumbs up for the excellent information you have right here on this post.

    I will be returning to your website for more soon. scoliosis

  16. scoliosis
    It’s going to be end of mine day, however before ending I am reading this impressive paragraph to increase my experience.
    scoliosis

  17. Hi colleagues, how is everything, and what you
    desire to say about this piece of writing, in my view its in fact remarkable for me.

    Here is my webpage … สล็อต เครดิตฟรี ไม่ต้องฝากก่อน ไม่ต้องแชร์ ยืนยันเบอร์โทรศัพท์

  18. I wanted to thank you for this wonderful read!!
    I certainly enjoyed every bit of it. I’ve got you saved as a
    favorite to check out new stuff you post…

    Also visit my site :: Summer

  19. Can I simply just say what a relief to uncover someone
    who truly understands what they are discussing on the internet.

    You definitely know how to bring a problem to
    light and make it important. A lot more people should read this
    and understand this side of your story. I was surprised
    that you aren’t more popular given that you definitely possess the
    gift.

    Have a look at my page – mpc-install.com

  20. Hello, I think your site might be having browser compatibility issues.
    When I look at your blog in Chrome, it looks fine but when opening in Internet Explorer, it has some overlapping.
    I just wanted to give you a quick heads up!
    Other then that, fantastic blog!

  21. Great items from you, man. I’ve be aware your stuff prior to and
    you are simply too wonderful. I actually like what you
    have acquired here, really like what you are saying and the way
    in which you are saying it. You are making it enjoyable
    and you still care for to keep it smart. I can’t wait to learn much more from you.
    This is actually a wonderful site.

  22. Have you ever considered creating an e-book or guest authoring on other websites?

    I have a blog based on the same subjects you discuss and would love to have you share some
    stories/information. I know my viewers would appreciate your work.
    If you’re even remotely interested, feel free to shoot me an e-mail.

  23. I’m extremely impressed together with your writing abilities as
    well as with the format for your weblog.
    Is that this a paid subject or did you modify it your self?
    Either way keep up the excellent high quality writing,
    it’s uncommon to look a nice weblog like this one
    nowadays..

  24. This is really attention-grabbing, You’re an excessively professional blogger.

    I have joined your feed and look ahead to searching for
    extra of your magnificent post. Also, I’ve shared your web site in my
    social networks

  25. I drop a comment whenever I especially enjoy a article
    on a site or if I have something to valuable to contribute
    to the discussion. Usually it’s caused by the passion displayed in the post I browsed.

    And after this post Minuni în vremea noastră (!?!) … – sanatateaconteaza.
    I was moved enough to post a commenta response 🙂 I actually do have
    a few questions for you if it’s allright. Is it only me or does it
    look as if like some of these remarks appear like left
    by brain dead folks? 😛 And, if you are writing at additional places,
    I would like to follow anything new you have to post. Would
    you make a list all of your shared sites like your linkedin profile, Facebook page or twitter
    feed?

    My web blog … http://frun-test.sakura.ne.jp/userinfo.php?uid=73558

  26. I am not sure where you are getting your information, but good topic.
    I needs to spend some time learning much more
    or understanding more. Thanks for great information I was looking for this
    info for my mission.

  27. I was recommended this blog through my cousin. I am no longer positive whether or not this submit is
    written by him as no one else know such particular about my difficulty.
    You’re amazing! Thanks!

  28. It’s a shame you don’t have a donate button! I’d most certainly donate
    to this outstanding blog! I guess for now i’ll settle for
    bookmarking and adding your RSS feed to my Google account.
    I look forward to brand new updates and will talk about
    this blog with my Facebook group. Chat soon!

  29. Magnificent web site. Plenty of useful info here.
    I’m sending it to some pals ans also sharing in delicious.
    And of course, thank you in your effort!

  30. Do you mind if I quote a couple of your articles as long as I provide credit and
    sources back to your webpage? My website is in the exact
    same area of interest as yours and my visitors would truly benefit from a lot of the information you present here.
    Please let me know if this ok with you. Appreciate it!

    Feel free to surf to my page; http://www.e-commerce.ipt.pw/

  31. If some one wants to be updated with hottest technologies afterward he must be
    go to see this web page and be up to date everyday.

    Check out my webpage Kate

  32. Wow, fantastic blog layout! How long have you been blogging for?
    you made blogging look easy. The overall look of your site is fantastic, as well as the content!

  33. After I initially commented I seem to have clicked on the -Notify me when new comments
    are added- checkbox and from now on each time a comment is added
    I recieve four emails with the same comment. There has to be a way you are
    able to remove me from that service? Thanks a lot!

    Feel free to visit my blog – amoxicillinn.blogspot.com

  34. Definitely imagine that that you said. Your favorite justification appeared to be on the net the easiest factor to understand of.
    I say to you, I certainly get irked even as folks think about issues that they plainly don’t realize about.

    You controlled to hit the nail upon the highest and also defined out the whole thing without having
    side-effects , folks could take a signal.
    Will probably be again to get more. Thank you

    My web page; kannikar.com

  35. Hi there! Do you know if they make any plugins to assist with Search Engine Optimization? I’m trying to get my blog to rank for some targeted keywords but I’m not seeing very good success.
    If you know of any please share. Many thanks!

  36. Its like you learn my mind! You seem to understand so much
    approximately this, such as you wrote the ebook in it or something.
    I think that you simply could do with some p.c.
    to force the message house a little bit, but other than that, this is great blog.
    A fantastic read. I will certainly be back.

    Feel free to surf to my blog post: casino4d.online

  37. Thank you for your blog post. Jones and I are saving
    for a new guide on this matter and your post
    has made all of us to save all of our money. Your notions really answered all our inquiries.
    In fact, in excess of what we had thought of just
    before we ran into your wonderful blog. My spouse
    and i no longer nurture doubts plus a troubled mind because
    you have attended to each of our needs above. Thanks

    Look into my web blog – http://anapa-alrosa.com.ru/

  38. When I ortiginally left a comment I appear to have clicked
    the -Notify me when new comments arre added- checkbox and from now on whenever a comment is added
    I gget four emails wirh the exact same comment. Perhaps there is a means you can remove me from
    that service? Appreciate it!

    My web blog – Tyler Tysdal Lone Tree

  39. I wanted to thank you one more time for this amazing
    web page you have made here. It can be full of useful tips for those who are
    truly interested in this particular subject, specifically this very post.
    Your all amazingly sweet and thoughtful of others as well as reading
    your site posts is a superb delight with me. And exactly
    what a generous present! Tom and I will have pleasure making
    use of your guidelines in what we should instead do
    in a few weeks. Our listing is a mile long which means that your tips is going to be
    put to excellent use.

    Feel free to surf to my blog post fles.hlc.edu.tw

  40. Hello superb blog! Does running a blog such as this take a lot of work?
    I’ve virtually no expertise in coding but I was hoping to
    start my own blog in the near future. Anyhow, if you have any recommendations or techniques
    for new blog owners please share. I understand this is off topic however I simply
    had to ask. Thanks a lot!

    my blog post … Recover FX CBD Reviews

  41. When I initially commented I clicked the “Notify me when new comments are added” checkbox and now
    each time a comment is added I get several emails with the same comment.
    Is there any way you can remove people from that service?
    Bless you!

  42. Hmm is anyone else encountering problems with
    the pictures on this blog loading? I’m trying to figure out if its a problem on my end or if it’s the blog.
    Any feedback would be greatly appreciated.

    My website … ViagRx Review

  43. I enjoy you because of all your valuable efforts on this website.
    My mother loves conducting investigations and it is easy to understand why.
    All of us know all about the powerful method you make functional tips and hints by means of
    your blog and increase contribution from other people on that article so our favorite child
    is discovering a lot of things. Take pleasure in the rest of the new year.
    You are always doing a dazzling job.[X-N-E-W-L-I-N-S-P-I-N-X]I am
    extremely impressed with your writing talents as neatly
    as with the format for your blog. Is this a paid subject matter or did
    you modify it yourself? Either way keep up the nice quality writing, it is uncommon to look a nice weblog like this
    one these days.

    my web page Liam

  44. I have to show appreciation to the writer just for rescuing me
    from this particular scenario. After exploring through the search engines and
    meeting ideas which are not pleasant, I thought
    my life was over. Living devoid of the approaches to the difficulties you’ve
    fixed by way of the article is a critical
    case, and ones which might have negatively affected my entire career if I hadn’t noticed
    your blog post. Your good knowledge and kindness in dealing with all the details was
    excellent. I don’t know what I would’ve done if I
    had not discovered such a subject like this. I can also at this time relish my
    future. Thank you so much for the expert and sensible guide.
    I won’t be reluctant to endorse the sites to any individual who would need tips about this topic.

    Look into my web page – BodyCore Keto Reviews

  45. Howdy just wanted to give you a brief heads up and let you know a
    few of the pictures aren’t loading properly. I’m not sure why
    but I think its a linking issue. I’ve tried it in two different browsers and both show the same
    results.

    Here is my homepage – Allura Fresh Reviews

  46. hi!,I love your writing so so much! share we communicate more approximately
    your post on AOL? I need an expert in this space to solve my problem.
    May be that is you! Having a look forward to peer you.

    Also visit my page; ViagRx

  47. I haven’t checked in here for some time as I thought it was getting boring, but the last
    few posts are good quality so I guess I’ll add you back to my
    everyday bloglist. You deserve it friend 🙂

    My web-site :: ViagRx

  48. I would like to thnkx for the efforts you’ve put
    in writing this website. I’m hoping the same high-grade
    site post from you in the upcoming as well. Actually your creative writing abilities has inspired me
    to get my own web site now. Actually the blogging is spreading its wings quickly.
    Your write up is a good example of it.

    Feel free to surf to my page :: Fast Action Keto Review

  49. I have to get across my passion for your kind-heartedness supporting persons
    who have the need for help on this one idea. Your special dedication to getting
    the message across has been rather significant and have frequently allowed
    regular people like me to reach their pursuits. Your amazing invaluable guide signifies this much to me and a whole
    lot more to my mates. Thanks a ton; from each
    one of us.

    Here is my web site: SoloVolt Solar Charger

  50. Hi, I do think this is a great website. I stumbledupon it 😉 I may revisit
    yet again since i have book marked it. Money and freedom is the
    greatest way to change, may you be rich and continue to guide others.

    My site; ViagRx Pills

Add Comment

Required fields are marked *. Your email address will not be published.